Reasons for the COST Action ES0802
The main intention of the proposed action is to set up a scientific and engineering cluster of competence in order to combine innovative sensor technology and autonomous UAS and provide a new and costefficient measurement concept for atmospheric boundary layer investigations and environmental monitoring. By that this cutting edge project will be of large importance for a wide spectrum of future applications in meteorology and climatology. From the atmospheric point of view, the Action will in the short run considerably improve the description and understanding of the atmospheric boundary layer by a largely extended data coverage. This will later on form the basis for the validation of fine scale numerical simulations and subsequently lead to improved boundary layer parameterization schemes used in models for numerical weather forecast and climate simulations.
The main objective of the proposed Action is the coordination of ongoing and the conception of future research on the development and application of unmanned aerial systems (UAS) to provide a costefficient, trans-boundary method for the monitoring of the atmospheric boundary layer and the underlying surface of the Earth.
Related to this main goal, the following secondary objectives will be addressed during the Action:
- Provision of an overview and creation of a database of existing UAS and suitable sensors and onboard logging systems to avoid unnecessary multiple inquiry and development.
- Conception and development of prototypes for a fleet of UAS of different size, operation range and complexity with respect to specific observational requirements.
- Development of reliable routines for sensor calibration (in-flight and laboratory) and the definition of standards for methods and algorithms used for UAS measurements, data analysis and error investigation to ensure high data quality and intercomparability.
- Approval that UAS are nowadays ready to be deployed as cost-effective, reliable and easy to operate systems for a wide range of environmental monitoring.
- Development and test of UAS flight strategies for temporally and spatially highly resolved atmospheric measurements.
- Selection of the appropriate sites for relevant atmospheric analysis.
- Compilation of a database on UAS measurements in the atmospheric boundary layer for the validation of corresponding fine-scale numerical simulations.
- Homogenisation of national rules/regulations on a European basis with respect to UAS operation and general aviation to enable the required and desired trans-boundary application.
- Coordination of legislative initiatives towards the Civil Aviation Authorities on both European and national levels with established general UAS interest organizations like UVS-International as well as the national UAS organizations of the Action participants.
- Improvement of the understanding of atmospheric boundary layer processes.
- Improvement of prediction and control of airborne pollution.
- Monitoring and improvement of the understanding of the effects of global warming on the atmospheric boundary layer.